Changes in Depression Levels in the Elderly With a Spiritual Approach And Deep Breathing Relaxation At UPT PSTW Blitar In Tulungagung

Authors

  • Lenni Agusti Wijayanti UPT PSTW Blitar
  • Dinda Deristia UPT PSTW Blitar
  • Catur Wahyu Febriani UPT PSTW Blitar
  • Hiromi Ogasawara Nagoya City University, Nagoya, Japan

Abstract

Background: Psychological changes in the elderly include feelings of loneliness, fear of loss, fear of death, anxiety, useless feeling, dependence and neglect and depression. This study aimed to determine the effect of a spiritual approach and deep breathing relaxation on changes in the level of depression in the elderly.
Methods: The design of this study was a Pre-Experimental, One-group pre-post test design with a population of all elderly people at the Tresna Werdha Blitar Social Services UPT with a total of 80 respondents. The sample is part of the population with a purposive sampling technique of 40 respondents. The data that has been collected is processed by the Wilcoxon Match Pairs Test statistical test with a significance of = 0.05.
Results: The results of the analysis of the Wilcoxon Match Pairs Test obtained a p-value = 0.000 which is less than the value of (0.05), it can be concluded that H0 is rejected, meaning that there is an influence of spiritual approach and deep breath relaxation on changes in depression levels in the elderly.
Conclusion: Spiritual approach therapy and deep breathing relaxation are effective in overcoming depression in the elderly, so this needs to be done continuously, in collaboration with the local health center and involving the participation of nursing home staff

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Keywords:

Deep Breathing Relaxation Therapy, Depression, Spiritual Approach Therapy

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.55700/oahsj.v3i2.28

References

Azizah, L., Zainuri, I., & Akbar, A. (2016). Buku ajar keperawatan kesehatan jiwa. Yogyakarta: Indomedia Pustaka. Book

Chen, Y. H., Lin, L. C., Chuang, L. L., & Chen, M. L. (2017). The relationship of physiopsychosocial factors and spiritual well‐being in elderly residents: implications for evidence‐based practice. Worldviews on Evidence‐Based Nursing, 14(6), 484-491. Crossref

Cheng, K. S., Croarkin, P. E., & Lee, P. F. (2019). Heart rate variability of various video-aided mindful deep breathing durations and its impact on depression, anxiety, and stress symptom severity. Mindfulness, 10(10), 2082-2094. Crossref

Chien, H. C., Chung, Y. C., Yeh, M. L., & Lee, J. F. (2015). Breathing exercise combined with cognitive behavioural intervention improves sleep quality and heart rate variability in major depression. Journal of clinical nursing, 24(21-22), 3206-3214. Crossref

Gultom, P., Bidjuni, H., & Kallo, V. (2016). Hubungan aktivitas spiritual dengan tingkat depresi pada lansia di balai penyantunan lanjut usia senja cerah kota manado. Jurnal Keperawatan, 4(2). Article

Khadijah, S., & Palifiana, D. A. (2021). PENGARUH TEKNIK RELAKSASI NAFAS DALAM DAN AROMATERAPI LAVENDER TERHADAP PENURUNAN DEPRESI WARGA BINAAN PEREMPUAN DI LEMBAGA PEMASYARAKATAN KELAS IIB YOGYAKARTA. Jurnal Kebidanan Indonesia, 12(2). Article

Kim, S. N., & Lee, S. B. (2013). Spiritual well-being, social support, life satisfaction and depression in the community dwelling elderly. Journal of East-West Nursing Research, 19(2), 186-194. Crossref

Kim, S. S., Hayward, R. D., & Reed, P. G. (2014). Self-transcendence, spiritual perspective, and sense of purpose in family caregiving relationships: a mediated model of depression symptoms in Korean older adults. Aging & Mental Health, 18(7), 905-913. Crossref

Klainin-Yobas, P., Oo, W. N., Suzanne Yew, P. Y., & Lau, Y. (2015). Effects of relaxation interventions on depression and anxiety among older adults: a systematic review. Aging & mental health, 19(12), 1043-1055. Crossref

Kurnianto, S., Purwaningsih, P., & Nihayati, H. E. (2011). Penurunan tingkat depresi pada lansia dengan pendekatan bimbingan spiritual. Jurnal Ners, 6(2), 156-163. Article

Mahwati, Y. (2017). The relationship between spirituality and depression among the elderly in Indonesia. Makara Journal of Health Research, 13-19. Crossref

Moon, Y. S., & Kim, D. H. (2013). Association between religiosity/spirituality and quality of life or depression among living‐alone elderly in a S outh K orean city. Asia‐Pacific Psychiatry, 5(4), 293-300. Crossref

Musmiler, E. (2020). Aktivitas Spiritual Dengan Tingkat Depresi Pada Lansia. JIK (JURNAL ILMU KESEHATAN), 4(2), 129-135. Article

Park, J., & Roh, S. (2013). Daily spiritual experiences, social support, and depression among elderly Korean immigrants. Aging & mental health, 17(1), 102-108. Crossref

Ruswadi, I. (2021). KEPERAWATAN JIWA Panduan Praktis Untuk Mahasiswa Keperawatan. Penerbit Adab Book

Sedaghat Ghotbabadi, S., & Haji Alizadeh, K. (2018). The effectiveness of spiritual-religion psychotherapy on mental distress (depression, anxiety and stress) in the elderly living in nursing homes. Health, Spirituality and Medical Ethics, 5(1), 20-25. Article

Supinganto, A., Kuswanto, K., Darmawan, D., Paula, V., Marliana, T., Nasution, R. A., ... & Jaya, M. A. (2021). Keperawatan Jiwa Dasar. Yayasan Kita Menulis. Book

Valenza, M. C., Valenza-Peña, G., Torres-Sánchez, I., González-Jiménez, E., Conde-Valero, A., & Valenza-Demet, G. (2014). Effectiveness of controlled breathing techniques on anxiety and depression in hospitalized patients with COPD: a randomized clinical trial. Respiratory care, 59(2), 209-215. Crossref

Downloads

Published

13-08-2022

How to Cite

Wijayanti, L. A., Deristia, D., Febriani, C. W., & Ogasawara, H. (2022). Changes in Depression Levels in the Elderly With a Spiritual Approach And Deep Breathing Relaxation At UPT PSTW Blitar In Tulungagung. Open Access Health Scientific Journal, 3(2), 42–49. https://doi.org/10.55700/oahsj.v3i2.28

Issue

Section

Articles
Abstract viewed = 20 times